what is surface mining and underground

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  • What are the pros and cons of surface mining technology? - Quora

    Advantages of surface mining include economic and financial benefits for miners and communities and a safer alternative to pit mining, but its disadvantages include environmental impacts, such as erosion and contamination.

  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of underground ...

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of underground mining? Environmental Science Land and Water Use Mining. ... How do you calculate surface area to volume ...

  • How is coal mined? - What is Surface Mining and Underground ...

    Feb 18, 2013 · How is coal mined? Read Full Story: surface.html Mining is the process of removing coal from the...

  • Surface Mining, Industry of Metals, Minerals, Precious Stones ...

    Surface mining is a form of mining in which the soil and the rock covering the mineral deposits are removed. It is the other way of underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left behind, and the required mineral deposits are removed through shafts or tunnels.

  • surface mining and underground mining - pankhurifashion.in

    Surface mining - Wikipedia. Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral ...

  • Surface mining - Wikipedia

    Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit (the overburden) are removed, in contrast to underground mining, in which the overlying rock is left in place, and the mineral is removed through shafts or tunnels.

  • Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia ...

    Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining ... In some cases underground mining also ... The equipment used depends on the method and scale of the surface mining ...

  • Coal mining - Choosing a mining method | Britannica.com

    Coal mining - Choosing a mining method: The various methods of mining a coal seam can be classified under two headings, surface mining and underground mining. Surface and underground coal mining are broad activities that incorporate numerous variations in equipment and methods, and the choice of which method to use in extracting a coal seam ...

  • Surface mining _____. is more destructive than underground ...

    Surface mining _____. is more destructive than underground mining is a method of obtaining coal is a method of obtaining natural gas permanently destroys - 1425484

  • What is the Difference between Strip mining and Underground ...

    Dec 02, 2009 · Here's my best attempt at a short answer. Strip Mining is a type of surface mining, mostly used in the extraction of coal. A long pit (or "Srip") is extracted to expose the seam.

  • Mining - Wikipedia

    Both types of ore deposit, placer or lode, are mined by both surface and underground methods. Some mining, ... Techniques of surface mining include: ...

  • CHAPTER 11 Mining Technology - Princeton University

    Surface Mining Techniques. . ... 51. Room-and-Pillar Underground Mining. ..330 52. ... CHAPTER 11 Mining Technology

  • what is surface mining and underground - Yahoo Answers Results

  • Open Cut and Underground Mining | iMINCO

    The many differences between open cut and underground mining are explained in an easy to ... When minerals and deposits are found close to the surface and spread ...

  • CDC - Mining - Underground and Surface Mining Facts - 2004 ...

    In 2004, data obtained from the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) indicated a total of 891 underground (6.2%) and 13,587 surface (93.8%) mining operations.

  • Mining - examples, body, used, water, process, Earth, life ...

    Surface mining When an ore bed has been located relatively close to Earth's surface, it can be mined by surface techniques. Surface mining is generally a much preferred approach to mining because it is less expensive and safer than subsurface mining.

  • The many advantages of underground mining - Born2Invest

    Typically, mining companies opt to conduct underground excavation when the mineral or ore to be extracted becomes impossible to extract through surface mining.

  • What Is Surface Mining And Underground - Video Results

  • Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia | US EPA

    Coal is mined in Appalachia by both surface and underground mining techniques. Surface coal mining methods in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian coalfields include mountaintop removal, contour, area and highwall mining.

  • Underground mining | Britannica.com

    Other articles where Underground mining is discussed: mining: Underground mining: When any ore body lies a considerable distance below the surface, the amount of waste that has to be removed in order to uncover the ore through surface mining becomes prohibitive, and underground techniques must be considered.

  • What Are the Different Types of Mining? | Reference.com

    Quick Answer. The two main types of mining are surface mining and underground mining. Mining is further divided into several other categories including room and pillar mining, slope mining, block caving, quarrying, open-pit mining and in situ mining.

  • What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Surface Mining ...

    Advantages of surface mining include economic and ... What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of ... underground coal mining introduces toxins such ...

  • Surface Mining Underground Steep - canei.co.za

    Sales Inquiry Surface Mining Underground Steep; Underground and Surface Mining Facts - 2004 - CDC. In 2004, data obtained from the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) indicated a total of 891 underground (6.2%) and 13,587 surface (93.8%) mining operations.

  • 5 Chief Pros and Cons of Strip Mining | ConnectUS

    5 Chief Pros and Cons of Strip Mining. ... Surface mining refers to a category of mining where soil and ... It is much more efficient compared to underground mining

  • How is coal mined? - What is Surface Mining and Underground ...

    Surface mining is used when a coal seam is located close to the surface. Heavy equipment is used to clear the land of trees, shrubs and topsoil.